Anti-Platelet Treatment for Heart disease
Anti-Platelet Treatment (APT) is essential for the following conditions to reduce the risk of another ischemic (blood clot) event especially during the first year after the event. The benefit however, has to be carefully weighted with the risk of bleeding.
- unstable angina or heart condition
- after a heart attack
- after an ischemic or embolic stroke
- after a heart procedure such as angioplasty or coronary bypass surgery
These medications work by reducing the ability of the blood cells to clot by interfering with the platelets. They can also be used in combination (known as Dual APT) which is often required after a heart procedure. The medications include;
Side effects and Drug interactions
Side effects include nose bleeds, bruising, bleeding from cuts or gums, heavy or prolonged menstrual flow, coughing up blood, bloody or black stools, blood in the urine, headache or dizziness. See your doctor if you experience any of these side effects.
APT should be used with caution in patients at increased risk of bleeding which is defined as;
- Patients over the age of 75 years
- Patients already taking anti-coagulation medication such as Warfarin
- History of major bleed within the past 12 months
- History of stroke within the past 12 months
- Kidney disease or on kidney dialysis
- Anemia with Haemoglobin less than 11 g/dl
- Clotting disorder with platelet count less than 100,000
Inform your surgeon or dentist that you are taking anti-platelet treatment BEFORE proceeding with any surgery or dental procedure
Disclaimer. TELEME blog posts contains general information about health conditions and treatments. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. The information is not advice and should not be treated as such.
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