Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI or STD)

Commonly asked questions on STIs

  • Am I at risk after an unprotected sexual encounter with a new partner?
  • I have smelly discharge and my private part is itchy, what is the cause?
  • Why do I have some lesions on my private part?

What is STI?

Sexually transmitted infections (STI) are infections which spread from one person to another through sexual contact either through oral, vagina or anus contact. Organisms which cause STI include bacteria, parasites, yeast, and viruses. The most common organisms include:

Click to view Michigan Health video on STI


Most STI may have no symptoms initially. Symptoms may appear after 2-3 weeks (known as the incubation period) and they include:

  • Painful passing water
  • Vagina or penile discharge (which may be smelly)
  • Pain during sex
  • Lower abdominal pain
  • Itch or discomfort in the penis or vagina
  • Swollen lymph nodes around the groin region
  • Warts (which can be small or in clusters)
  • Testicle discomfort (in men)
  • Bleeding in between periods (in women)

Treatment of STI

It is important to make the diagnosis and treatment early to prevent the disease to spread because it can cause infertility to both men and women. If you have any suspicion that you may be affected by STI, see your doctor as soon as possible to get a:

  • Thorough body check up
  • Genital swab of the discharge
  • Urine test

Do’s and Don’t’s

DO take precautions by using barrier contraception such as condoms

DO inform your partner(s) to have STI tests when you have been tested positive

DO NOT have unprotected sex with new partners

DO NOT have sex until at least 1 week after the end of your treatment

See your GP or Gynae doctor if you have burning sensation passing urine or unusual discharge

Disclaimer. TELEME blog posts contains general information about health conditions and treatments. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. The information is not advice and should not be treated as such. 

If you think you may be suffering from any medical condition, you should seek immediate medical attention from your doctor or other professional healthcare providers. You should never delay seeking medical advice, disregard medical advice, or discontinue medical treatment because of information on this website.

How useful was this post?

Click on a star to rate it!

Average rating / 5. Vote count:

No votes so far! Be the first to rate this post.

As you found this post useful...

Share it on social media!

We are sorry that this post was not useful for you!

Let us improve this post!

Tell us how we can improve this post?