Depression Care and Treatment: Therapies
Psychological treatment can give you insights to your thoughts, and help improve your coping skills to help you manage and deal with stress and conflict. It’s vital for many depressed patients to have therapy every week as it helps identify negative thoughts and transforms them into positive perspectives.
Therapy helps you recognise the root of depression, and helps you understand why you feel a certain way. It will also make you realise what triggers you to be depressed and what you can do to stay healthy physically and mentally.
Psychological treatments can be conducted face to face or online with a professional. Group therapies are also available.
The common methods used in depression treatment include the following therapies.
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1. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT)
CBT works with the way we think (cognition) and act (behaviour) affects the way we feel. CBT is known to be one of the most effective treatment for depression and is found to be beneficial for a wide range of ages, including children, adolescents, adults or older people.
A CBT therapist will identify and evaluate thoughts and behaviour patterns to distinguish thoughts and actions which are negative and not helpful that causes depression. The therapist also helps you to differentiate realistic and false threats.
The therapy will then work to shift all these negative and unhelpful thoughts and behaviour into a more realistic, positive and problem-solving approach by rational thinking based on common difficulties to arrive at a sound conclusion.
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2. Interpersonal Therapy (IPT)
IPT focuses on personal relationships and the skills needed to deal with them. The idea behind IPT is that relationship problems can have significant impact on the person going through depression.
IPT helps you recognize patterns in your relationships that make you susceptible to depression. Identifying these patterns will help you focus on improving relationships, coping with grief and getting along better with one other.
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3. Psychodynamic Therapy
Psychodynamic therapy focuses on the unconscious and past experiences which are shaped into current behaviour. By looking into these early experiences that play a role in forming beliefs about yourself, the therapist is then able to identifies those beliefs that are no longer helpful.
A psychodynamic approach to treatment is thought to be important because change requires awareness and understanding to occur. The discovery during this therapy allows for self-validation, empathy, and, ideally, freedom from self-judgment.
Read more about depression symptoms here:
Dr. Khairi Rahman
Ms. Usha Ponnudurai
Mr. Paul K. Jambunathan