Updated on October 6, 2020

Foot Care in Diabetes

Nearly half of the patients with diabetes experience some form of nerve damage to the feet and legs.  They may feel tingling (pins and needles) sensation, numbness, leg cramps or even pain.  The combination of nerve damage (peripheral neuropathy) and poor circulation (peripheral arterial disease) increases the risk of diabetic foot ulcer and even gangrene.  The risk of nerve damage increase if your have the following risk factors

  • Poorly controlled diabetes
  • Smoking
  • Long duration of diabetes
  • Lack of exercise
  • Overweight
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol

Click to watch ClearlyHealth video on Diabetes Foot Care


  • Wear shoes that are comfortable and fit well
  • NEVER walk barefoot outside the house or in the garden
  • Check your shoes before putting them on, to make sure there are no stones or insects inside
  • Avoid shoes which constrict your feet such as pointed toes or high heels
  • Avoid sandals which exposes your toes
  • Try to wear socks in your shoes
  • Trim your toenails regularly
  • Do regular feet-friendly exercises like walking or swimming

Wash and Check your feet everyday before sleep for

  • Red spots or cuts
  • Sores or blisters
  • Swelling
  • Ingrowing or infected toenail

After washing your feet, always pat dry especially between your toes.  You can apply moisturising lotion to keep your feet soft and prevent the skin from drying and cracking.  Have your feet examined regular by your Doctor or Diabetic Healthcare Practitioner regularly.

See your Doctor or Podiatrist if you have any of the symptoms above

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Disclaimer. TELEME blog posts contains general information about health conditions and treatments. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. The information is not advice and should not be treated as such. 

If you think you may be suffering from any medical condition, you should seek immediate medical attention from your doctor or other professional healthcare providers. You should never delay seeking medical advice, disregard medical advice, or discontinue medical treatment because of information on this website.

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