Over Active Bladder

Overactive Bladder (OAB) describes the feeling of a sudden urge to urinate and can happen any time and any place.  This urge may trigger the loss of bladder control or unwanted bladder muscle contraction resulting in urinary incontinence.  Your bladder has pelvic floor muscles which help to prevent urine to come out until you choose to urinate when you find a bathroom.  Urination occurs when you relax the pelvic floor muscles while the bladder muscle contract to push the urine out.  However in OAB, you may have lost your bladder control or have weak pelvic floor muscles


  • Frequent urination
  • Need to urinate even when the bladder is not full
  • Need to urinate at night (also known as nocturia)

Conditions contributing to OAB


Certain tests need to be done to get a diagnosis and they include;


Lifestyle modifications 

  • Reduce alcohol or coffee consumption and maintain a healthy weight
  • Adult diapers to help in minor cases


Anti-Muscarinic medicines bind to specific receptors on the  bladder wall and reduces the sensitivity to muscle contraction.  This results in an increase in bladder capacity and reduces the need to urinate frequently.  Examples include;

  • Tolterodine (Detrol)
  • Oxybutynin (Ditropan)
  • Trospium (Sanctura)
  • Solifenacin (Vesicare)


  • Botox injections to the bladder wall muscle
  • Bladder nerve stimulation 

See a Urologist if you have any urinary issues

Disclaimer. TELEME blog posts contains general information about health conditions and treatments. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. The information is not advice and should not be treated as such. 

If you think you may be suffering from any medical condition, you should seek immediate medical attention from your doctor or other professional healthcare providers. You should never delay seeking medical advice, disregard medical advice, or discontinue medical treatment because of information on this website.

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