Infertility Options for Females
Treatment for infertility is complex and depends on many factors such as
- the cause(s)
- the woman’s age
- duration of infertility
Tubal factor infertility implies there is an obstruction at the Fallopian tube which is preventing the egg from travelling to meet the sperm. A laparoscopic surgery will be required to remove the diseased fallopian tube and open up 1 or both tubes. If both the Fallopian tubes are not patent or there is scarring, IVF will be required.
2. Ovulation Factor
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is a common cause of disturbance in ovulation (https://blog.teleme.co/2018/12/11/polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-and-fertility-series-part-1/). Fertility pills (such as Clomiphene Citrate) taken for 5 days starting on the 2nd day of menses together with timed sexual intercourse can sometimes help.
3. Uterine or Ovarian Factor
Common uterus problems include fibroid, abnormal uterine shapes, adhesions in the uterine canal or endometriosis. These can be treated with surgery and may help improve your chances of getting pregnant.
4. Unexplained Infertility
Reproductive Assistance using IntraUterine Insemination (IUI) or In-Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) may be performed for those with unexplained infertility or after the above options have failed. Do discuss your fertility options with your Fertility Specialist.
In IVF, mature eggs are retrieved from your ovaries in a small procedure and then fertilised by your partner’s (or donor) sperm in an Embryology Lab. The fertilised egg (embryo) will be transferred to your uterus at a later stage. You may choose to have Pre-Implantation Genetic Tests (PGT) done on the embryos to improve the chances of getting pregnant (https://blog.teleme.co/2020/01/12/risk-of-multiple-pregnancies/). One cycle of IVF may take around 3-4 weeks.
Click to view Fortis Healthcare video on IVF
Disclaimer. TELEME blog posts contains general information about health conditions and treatments. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. The information is not advice and should not be treated as such.
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