Eye Injury

Eye Injury

Our eyes occupy less than 5% of the area of the face but yet the eye gets injured in over 60% of the time when there is trauma to the face region. Fortunately, the eye has its own protective mechanism thus reducing the severity of any injury.


The eyelids close by reflex to protect the eye whenever the eye senses an object approaching the eye.

Rotation of the Eyeball

When the eyelid shuts, the eyeball automatically rotates/rolls upwards and outwards so that the cornea (the transparent part of our eye) is no longer facing the front but safely tucked away.



Image source: Mashed


The eyelashes trap particulate objects such as dust or smoke preventing it from entering the eye.


The tear gland secretes large amounts of tears whenever a naxious substance or foreign body touches the eye so as to “wash out” and dilute the offending danger (think of the time when you cut hot chilli/onion or having an eyelash in your eye!)

Bony Orbit

The skull has 2 eye sockets called the orbit in which the eye sits in and protects the eyeball from side impact. Only objects smaller than a squash ball can penetrate the orbit socket while larger objects such as a fist or tennis ball cannot damage the eyeball.



Image source: All About Vision

As the eyeball is one of the most sensitive organs in our body, any injury causes severe symptoms of pain, light sensitivity, tearing and blurred vision.  It becomes almost impossible to work or function normally until the eye heals completely due to these symptoms.

Causes of Eye Injuries

Eye injury is one of the commonest causes of blindness in the developing world due to accidents in the occupational workplace which involves hammering, grinding, staple-guns, welding or use of strong chemicals such as acid or alkali.



Image source: Club Towers

Sporting injury is also common especially with a squash ball or shuttlecock being hit directly at the eye. The amount of injury is related to the size (mass) and velocity of the object as kinetic energy = mv2. The faster the object hits the eye, the greater the damage inflicted.

Sometimes, even a leave or twig can scratch the eye when we are not careful while gardening. Adult sometimes get their eyes scratched by the little fingers of their small child or  baby who is often fascinated by the moving eye. Note that they also like to grab your spectacles off your face!

Falls or motor vehicle accidents or criminal assaults are other causes of eye injuries.

Next up on Healthtips, Types of Eye Injury.

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Dr. Lee Mun Wai

Dr. Lee Mun Wai



 Dr. Adrian Tey

Dr. Adrian Tey



Dr. Premadeva

Dr. Premadeva



During Your Trip: Prevent Possible Infection

During Your Trip: Prevent Possible Infection

It’s easy to avoid someone coughing or sneezing but what to do when you’re stuck in a long haul with a crowd of coughing and sneezing passengers in a small space? Also, a healthy adult can be contagious with the flu for up to 7 days before showing any signs of the illness. Here are some ways to help you to sidestep potential infection.

1) Carry antibacterial wipes and hand sanitiser

Image source: Getty Images

Wipe down things like airplane bathroom faucets, the armrests, tray tables and other things touched by those who were there before you to prevent infection.

2) Cover your mouth when you sneeze or cough with a tissue or with your elbow

Image source: Places You’ll See

3) Wash your hands often

Image source: Pexels

Wash your hands often – especially after touching ATM buttons, airline check-in screens, handrails, elevator buttons, even money – with soap and water or hand sanitiser.

4) Keep your hands away from your face

Image source: Youngisthan

5) Stay hydrated

Image source: Secondwind

6) Turn off the overhead air jets at your airplane seat to avoid having all those germs blowing around.

7) Avoid jet-lag which can weaken your immune system by getting plenty of good sleep.

Image source: Stock Unlimited

When you feel tired while travelling, it’s your body’s way of saying you need a break so take heed and get a nap.

8) Continue to take your vitamins especially vitamins C and D which are critical for the immune system and for your overall health.

Image source:  Pexels


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Influenza (Flu). How Flu Spreads, Travel Channel: Staying Healthy During Flu Season

Download Teleme’s mobile app and consult a Vaccination Practitioner



 Dr. Suraya

Dr. Suraya

Vaccination Practitioner (Adult)


Before Your Trip: Plan for a Safe and Healthy Journey

Before Your Trip: Plan for a Safe and Healthy Journey

Staying in good health while travelling can help ensure that your trip will be a happy and enjoyable one. Here’s a list of things to do before departure:

1) Gather information on your travel destinations and possible activities. Educate yourself on prevalent local diseases.

Image source: Pexels


2) Make sure to get your flu shot at least 2 weeks before travel because it takes 2 weeks for vaccine immunity to develop after the vaccination.

Image source: Amazing Discoveries


3) Bring medicines from home that you are familiar with and comfortable taking.

Image source: Shutterstock

Carry them in their clearly labeled, original containers. Check to see if you need to re-fill those bottles. If you’re carrying a travel medical kit with you, include the following:

i) Zinc throat lozenges: zinc stimulates the immune system

ii) Vitamin C: ideal for prevention.

Travellers should consider taking this daily during flu season travel.

4) Provide the following information for your healthcare provider to assess your health risks

Image source: Pexels

i) Travel destination(s) including stopovers

ii) Duration and season of the travel

iii) Purpose of travel

iv) Standard of accomodation

v) Activities planned

vi) Current health status and medical history

vii) Vaccination history



5) Carry a letter from your healthcare provider that includes a list of all pre-existing medical conditions and your prescriptions, including their generic names. Add the details of your emergency contact to the list.

However, by using Teleme to consult your doctor, you don’t have to carry letters anymore and you can view your letter from your doctor, prescriptions and medical conditions all accessible from Teleme’s app as long as you’re connected to the internet!

6) Consider bringing your own blanket or pillow.

Image source: 123rf

The blanket and pillow offered by airlines may be contaminated from the traveller using it before you. Stay on the safe side and bring your own travel pillow and blanket, especially if you’re taking a long flight. A blanket or wrap to keep you warm will be helpful if you’ve been exposed and are coming down with the flu.


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The Yellow Book. Health Information for International Travel 2014, Travel Insurance Review: 8 Steps to Prepare for Flu Season TravelCenters for Disease Control and Prevention. Influenza (Flu). Influenza Prevention: Information for Travelers 

Download Teleme’s mobile app and consult a Vaccination Practitioner



 Dr. Suraya

Dr. Suraya

Vaccination Practitioner (Adult)

Is There a (Virtual) Doctor in the House?

Is There a (Virtual) Doctor in the House?

Thank you Smart Investor for the write up about Teleme! Read about Teleme’s services, the people behind Teleme, areas of medical specialty and what lies in the future for Teleme on Smart Investor.

Stop looking for parking spot in busy hospitals or clinics and skip the long waits at the doctor’s office and see what Teleme can do for you!

Download the full article below in PDF following the link below.

Smart Investor – 64-65•SI Apl18


Download Teleme’s mobile app to consult a health practitioner online at your own comfort and save your time from those long waits in clinics/hospitals!



What You Should Know About the Flu

What You Should Know About the Flu

There’s a common misconception that the flu is the same as a cold. Both are respiratory illnesses sharing the same symptoms but they are actually caused by different viruses. So if you feel you’re coming down with something while you’re on a trip, don’t panic. It may be just an ordinary cold which can be easily treated.

It’s important to know the difference between flu and cold symptoms so that the illness can be treated accordingly.

Flu may be seasonal in colder climates but in the tropics, influenza circulates year-round. Hence, it makes sense that year-round protection against influenza is a must for travellers.

Currently, there are four strains of flu viruses commonly circulating worldwide among people today – two influenza A strains and two influenza B strains. However, the influenza virus is constantly changing so last year’s vaccine may not work this year.


CDC, WebMD, WHO (Influenza (Seasonal) Fact Sheet, November 2016)


A traveller’s best defence against the flu is to get vaccinated every year. Consult a Vaccination Practitioner on Teleme’s app today.



 Dr. Suraya

Dr. Suraya

Vaccination Practitioner (Adult)