In 2008, 41% of pregnancies in the world were unintended while in Asia, the rate was 38%. Some of the reasons for unintended pregnancies were:
- Substantial unmet need for family planning services.
- Poverty and lack of education
- Not using or incorrect use of contraception
- Socio economic, regulatory and religious conditions
Many still oppose to the use contraception because of perceived side effects of contraception and thinking infrequent sex did not require contraception.
Global research has shown that unintended pregnancy results in one of 3 outcomes:
- Abortion (48%)
- Miscarriages (38%)
- Unplanned live birth (14%)
How many of us use contraception?
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The Contraceptive Prevalence rate (number of women using contraception) in Malaysia is between 50 to 55 %. In comparison, more people in our neighbouring countries of Thailand, Vietnam, Singapore and Indonesia at 72%, 78%, 62% and 61% respectively use contraception methods.
Provision of Contraceptive Provision and Services in Malaysia
Contraceptive services are provided by Ministry of Health, Family Planning and Development Board as well as The Federation of Reproductive Health Association Malaysia. In addition, contraception methods are available in private hospitals, pharmacies as well as private clinics.
Why do you need contraception?
Many women don’t realise how easy it is to get pregnant. There are 16.7 million unplanned pregnancies around the world every year which could have been prevented with the correct use of contraception. It doesn’t matter whether it’s your first time, you only occasionally have sex or you only have sex on the so called ‘safe days’.
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The message is, if you are having unprotected sex, you can get pregnant.
Coitus interruptus (withdrawing before ejaculation) is not as safe as you think. In fact, it is the least effective contraceptive method with 22 in 100 women who practice this method getting pregnant every year (that’s 22% failure rate!).
And remember, if your period is 2 weeks late, regardless of whatever contraception you are using, talk to your doctor. You may consider doing a pregnancy test. Pregnancy is ALWAYS a possibility.
Things to remember while on contraception
Certain methods of contraception may affect your periods and this will be explained by your doctor. Consult your doctor should you have any unexpected changes.
Certain medications (including some herbal supplements) may reduce the effectiveness of your contraception. Please inform your doctor if you are taking any medications or supplements.
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Many women are worried about excessive weight gain, headaches or mood changes while on contraception. These side effects are not common and often occur because of many reasons other than your contraception. Consult your doctor to see if there are other underlying problems or if you require a change in your contraception method.
Consult your doctor before stopping or changing your contraception. Wrongly timed contraception cessation or change may result in an unintended pregnancy
The health risks and side effects of an unintended pregnancy are far greater than any method of contraception. Always use contraception if you do not intend to get pregnant.
For more information on contraception, click on the link below:
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